There are several reasons that gum tissue might bleed. Brushing with too firm a hand along with a tooth brush with hard bristles can promote bleeding gums. If this sounds familiar to you, acquire a soft bristle tooth brush and ease up a bit when brushing. But if gum tissue bleeds frequently or you are suffering from any of the following symptoms, you need to see your dentist for a proper diagnosis and treatment:
- Gums bleed without provocation – You have not incurred any trauma, but your gums bleed.
- Gums appear bright red or swollen – Healthy gum tissue is pink and not puffy.
- Chronic bad breath – Halitosis can be the result of many things: strong or aromatic foods like onions or garlic; beverages like coffee; lifestyle habits like smoking … these things can result in bad breath. Chewing sugar free gum or sucking on a breath mint can take care of these issues. But when bad breath is constant, there are usually underlying reasons.
- One or more teeth feel loose – If teeth appear to be pulling away from gum tissue or feel loose, it is critical to see the dentist right away.
- Discomfort – Gums or teeth feel sore.
Bleeding gum tissue can indicate the onset of gingivitis or the more serious periodontitis. Both of these conditions fall into the category of gum disease, and left untreated can lead to infection or even tooth loss.
There are several things that can contribute to gum tissue problems. Usually the most predominant reason is poor dental hygiene. Oral hygiene to maintain good dental health consists of brushing daily (at least twice per day) with tooth paste or gel; flossing daily (this will help to prevent plaque build-up as well as keep gum tissue stimulated); keeping dental appointments to have teeth clinically cleaned twice per year; and having at least one dental exam per year to spot and resolve potential problems.
Although genetics can play a role, excellent oral hygiene habits coupled with a healthy diet of fresh fruits and vegetables while limiting sugary snacks and beverages is a good start. Sufficient rest and plenty of fluids (mostly water) round out the things needed to maintain healthy teeth and gums.
If it is time to schedule your next professional exam and cleaning, contact our team at The Dental Place today.